Analytical characterization of academic nude paintings from the Faculty of Fine Arts of the University of Lisbon

Authors

  • Ana Mafalda Cardeira Faculdade de Belas-Artes da Universidade de Lisboa, Largo da Academia Nacional de Belas-Artes, 1249-058 Lisboa, Portugal; HERCULES Laboratory and City UMacau Chair on Sustainable Heritage, Universidade de Évora, Largo Marquês de Marialva 8, 7000-809 Évora, Portugal https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0321-8833
  • Ana Margarida Cardoso HERCULES Laboratory and City UMacau Chair on Sustainable Heritage, Universidade de Évora, Largo Marquês de Marialva 8, 7000-809 Évora, Portugal https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4935-3398
  • Cristina Azevedo Tavares Faculdade de Belas-Artes da Universidade de Lisboa, Largo da Academia Nacional de Belas-Artes, 1249-058 Lisboa, Portugal https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2294-9391
  • Fernando António Baptista Pereira Faculdade de Belas-Artes da Universidade de Lisboa, Largo da Academia Nacional de Belas-Artes, 1249-058 Lisboa, Portugal https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9308-7915
  • António Candeias HERCULES Laboratory and City UMacau Chair on Sustainable Heritage, Universidade de Évora, Largo Marquês de Marialva 8, 7000-809 Évora, Portugal https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4912-5061

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14568/cp2021006

Keywords:

Nude paintings, Raman spectroscopy, EDXRF, Radiography, Infrared Reflectography, SEM-EDS

Abstract

This study illustrates the analytical characterization of 20 academic nude paintings from the collection of the Faculty of Fine Arts of the University of Lisbon, made between 1899 and 1918. The study was performed by combining in situ non-invasive methods (infrared reflectography, radiography, and EDXRF) and laboratory microanalytical techniques (micro-Raman, micro-FTIR, and SEM-EDS). Infrared reflectography revealed underdrawings, underpaintings, painting style, and execution methods. Analytical techniques allowed the identification of painting materials, such as gypsum, lead white, barium white, zinc white, yellow ochre, chrome yellow, zinc yellow, red ochre, vermilion, ultramarine blue, hematite, Mars red, and lamp black. This study provides valuable information on the academic nude paintings’ palette and its artistic production technique. Finally, it intends to continue a systematic analytical study of the Faculty of Fine Arts’ collection, allowing the characterization of Master painters, their students, and other authors.

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References

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Published

2021-10-14

How to Cite

Cardeira, A. M., Cardoso, A. M., Azevedo Tavares, C., Baptista Pereira, F. A., & Candeias, A. (2021). Analytical characterization of academic nude paintings from the Faculty of Fine Arts of the University of Lisbon. Conservar Património. https://doi.org/10.14568/cp2021006

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In press