Design and implementation of protocols for monitoring the condition of vast collections: the case of the treasure of the Spanish Civil War

Authors

  • Elena García Martínez Spanish Cultural Heritage Institute, Madrid, Spain
  • M.ª Carmen Pascual Marcos Spanish Cultural Heritage Institute, Madrid, Spain

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14568/cp25257

Keywords:

Cultural assets, Condition assessment, Inspection, Numerous collections, Image analysis, Preventive conservation

Abstract

Cultural heritage institutions, such as archives, libraries, or museums commonly own collections composed of numerous objects, which, due to their large number are not subject to regular and systematic condition monitoring. In the industrial field, inspection standards to evaluate the quality of products have already been developed and certified, based on the evaluation of random pieces. The present research aimed to adapt one of those industrial standards to monitor the conservation condition of vast cultural heritage collections. We used, as a test subject, a numismatic collection composed of 22777 iron coins minted during the Spanish Second Republic. In our first inspection (2018), 1520 coins were sampled according to the industrial standard. Assessment and recording of the conservation condition was carried out through image analysis and coin weighing. In our second inspection (2020- 2021) no significant deterioration of the coins was detected. This second inspection also corroborated the effectiveness of the implemented monitoring protocol.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

[1] Instituto del Patrimonio Cultural de España, Ministerio de Cultura y Deporte - Gobierno de España, http://www.ipce.culturaydeporte.gob.es (accessed 2019-04-01).

[2] ‘EPICO: European Protocol in Preventice Conservation’, in European Royal residences, http://www.europeanroyalresidences.eu/epico (accessed 2019-04-01).

[3] Forleo, D.; Francaviglia, N., ‘Conservation Assessment of Historic House Collections: Testing Different Statistical Methods’ Studies in Conservation, 63:sup1, 76-80, https://doi.org/10.1080/00393630.2018.1504519.

[4] Gaztañaga, A.; Sousa, I.; Pascual, M.C.; García, E., ‘Control y seguimiento mediante biosensores del riesgo de biodeterioro del Tesoro de la Guerra Civil del IPCE’, in Actas VI Congreso GEIIC 20-22, Grupo Español del IIC, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain (2018) 236-245.

[5] Asociación Española de Normalización, UNE-ISO 2859-1:2012 Procedimientos de muestreo para la inspección por atributos. Parte 1: Planes de muestreo para las inspecciones de lotes independientes, tabulados según el límite de calidad de aceptación (LCA) (2014).

[6] Asociación Española de Normalización, UNE-ISO 2859-2:2012 Procedimientos de muestreo para la inspección por atributos. Parte 2: Planes de muestreo para las inspecciones de lotes independientes, tabulados según la calidad limite (CL) (2014).

[7] International Organization for Standardization, ISO 2859-2:2020 (en) Sampling procedures for inspection by attributes - Part 2: Sampling plans indexed by limiting quality (LQ) for isolated lot inspection (2020).

[8] García Gandía, J.R., Guerra y moneda: la fábrica nacional de moneda y timbre en Aspe. Ayuntamiento de Aspe, Aspe, Spain (2012).

[9] Encinas I.; López M.., ‘La FNMT durante la Guerra Civil’, in Cien años de Historia. Fabrica Nacional de Moneda y Timbre, Museo Casa de la Moeda, Fabrica Nacional de Moneda y Timbre, Madrid, Spain, (1994) 96.

[10] Díaz, S.; García, E (Coord), Criterios de intervención en materiales metálicos - Proyecto COREMANS, Instituto del Patrimonio Cultura de España, Ministerio de Cultura y Deporte, Spain (2015), https://pt.calameo.com/read/000075335016ff07df07c (accessed 2022-03-15).

[11] Alet Restauracion S.L., ‘Memoria de Conservación Preventiva de un conjunto de bienes del Archivo de la Guerra depositados en el Almacén de Bienes Culturales del IPCE de la empresa Alet Restauracion S.L.’, report, Alet Restauracion S.L., Madrid (2013).

[12] Herráez, J. A.; Enríquez de Salamanca, G.; Pastor Arenas, M.ª J.; Gil Muñoz, T., Manual de seguimiento y análisis de condiciones ambientales, Instituto del Patrimonio Cultural de España, Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte, Madrid, Spain (2014), https://www.culturaydeporte.gob.es/planes-nacionales/dam/jcr:3312b805-4c20-46b6-a897-71cead432bf7/manual-condiciones-amb-2018.pdf (accessed 2022-03-15).

[13] García, E.; Sousa, I.; Pascual, M.C., ‘Protocolos de seguimiento de conservación preventiva. Tesoro de la Guerra Civil’, in Congreso Patrimonio Cultural, Guerra Civil y Posguerra, coord. Arturo Colorado Castellary, Madrid, Spain (2018) 187-210.

[14] Scott, D.A.; Eggert, G., Iron and steel in art. Corrosion, colorants, conservation, Archetype Publications, London (2009).

[15] Kingsley O. Oparaodu; Gideon C. Okpokwasili, ‘Comparison of Percentage Weight Loss and Corrosion Rate Trends in Different Metal Coupons from two Soil Environments’, International Journal of Environmental Bioremediation & Biodegradation 2(5) (2014) 243-249.

Downloads

Published

2022-04-22

How to Cite

García Martínez, E., & Pascual Marcos, M. C. (2022). Design and implementation of protocols for monitoring the condition of vast collections: the case of the treasure of the Spanish Civil War. Conservar Património. https://doi.org/10.14568/cp25257

Issue

Section

In press